Spalding Podiatry & Chiropody Clinic
At the Spalding Chiropody Clinic we think your feet are simply amazing! They carry you around all day and in a lifetime will walk you around the world five times! Yet the very vast majority of us neglect our feet and take them for granted. How often do we say ‘My feet are killing me!’ We are much more concerned about the health of our eyes and teeth (still important!) than our feet.
Our Podiatrists & Chiropodists are specialists in foot and lower limb conditions. They care for a wide range of foot related issues some of which are listed below:
Commonly affecting in between the 3rd and 5th toes, skin is usually scaly and can itch. Although can spread to the top of the foot and the plantar area.
Affecting the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint or the big toe which deviates laterally and rotates, this causes bony lumps to form on the side of the toe. It can be a hereditary condition, more common in women and those with abnormally flexible joints.
Occurs when the toes contract (bend) and can become fixed in position over time, more commonly found on the second to the fifth toes. The most common problem affecting these toes is that they can rub on the shoes causing callus and corns.
Areas of hard thickened skin that is caused by friction or excessive pressure, commonly found on the ball (metatarsals) of the foot and the heels. Corns are found in between the toes or on top of the toes and also on the balls of the feet and can be hard or soft.
Footwear plays a major role in the cause of callus and corns, either if they are too tight or loose, can also be related to abnormal walk/ gait.
Verrucas are found on the plantar surface (soles) of the foot. They develop when your immune system has been lowered, as they are a virus (Human papilloma virus) and can be contagious through person to person contact. May appear as one or as a cluster (mosaic) in various sizes that can be foot to painful when pressure is applied i.e when standing or walking. They are harmless and may go away without treatment, but in many cases they are too painful to ignore.
An entrapment neuropathy affecting a plantar digital nerve, commonly affecting the space between the 3rd/4th toes or not so commonly the space between the 2nd/3rd. Usually presents with a swelling under the foot that feels as though it is burning and as though you are walking on pebbles/stones. Can sometimes cause a tingling numbness that radiates between toes and up the foot. Most commonly found in people with shoes that are too tight, causing a compression of the metatarsals, therefore trapping the nerve. Most people only need a modification of footwear or simple insoles. Only in severe cases will surgery be needed.
Ingrown toenails are usually painful as the nail pierces the skin, commonly found in the big toes(hallux) but can be found in other toes if the nails are involuted (curly), they can become infected, inflamed, red or swollen.
The most common cause of ingrown toenails are when the person doesn’t cut the toenails straight across or too short. Brittle nails can leave sharp edges causing the nail to break off and dig into the skin. Footwear is also an important factor if it is too tight, as your socks or tights push up against the toes.
Can be treated conservatively by removing the ingrown spike and packed to allow the nail to grow back up or surgically where part or the whole of the nail can be removed and a chemical applied to stop regrowth.
When you suffer from diabetes, either type 1 or type 2 you are more than likely to develop foot problems. Diabetes can damage the nerves, causing a reduction in sensation in your feet and can reduces the blood flow to your feet.
When you have diabetes you have to take care of your feet. There are a few simple things that you can do daily to look after them.
- Wash and dry feet do this every day, use lotion to prevent cracking. Wash in warm soapy water and gently dry making sure you dry in between the toes.
- Check your feet daily look out for cracks, blisters, cuts basically any other sores. Make sure you watch out for increased warmth or tenderness, might be sore when you touch it.
- Check your footwear to make sure there are no foreign objects that may damage your feet.
- When taking care of your toenails. Cut toenails when soft, cut them straight across and then file them.
- Footwear must be worn inside and out, making sure that they are the correct size to avoid causing sores on your feet.
If you develop any problems with your feet it is best to consult a podiatrist who can give you advice and treatment.
Most commonly known as fallen arches or over pronation of the foot, when the middle of the foot or instep presses flat against the floor. Most people experience no pain as they can be inherited from their parents and no treatment is needed.
However it can become painful when the feet start to roll inwards (pronate) the footwear can then be altered by wear and lead to muscle injury causing pain in the knees, hips and lower back. Sometimes flat feet are associated with obesity or connective tissue disease, causing the connective tissue to become over stretched and inflamed.
May also be caused by overuse, incorrect footwear, injury, age or rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis is a common condition that affects the joints causing them to become inflamed. The two most common forms of arthritis are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis (OA) commonly known as wear and tear. The cartilage of the joints become damaged, therefore restricting the movement of the joint causing stiffness and pain and swelling. As the joint space becomes smaller the bones and joints have to work harder causing bony spurs (osteophytes) which accounts for the bony prominences seen in the hands and toes.
But can affect the:
- Big toes
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) a chronic inflammatory disease that usually affects both limbs, unlike osteoarthritis this is not a wear and tear disease but it is due to a fault in the immune system that the tissues targets the synovium that cover and cushion the joints. Affecting the smaller joints first, like the fingers and toes causing them to contract, become swollen and stiff. Symptoms felt more often in the morning or after rest. Affecting women more than men in the ages between 40 and 50 years and can affect the: